Founded in 1993, The Club of Budapest is an international association dedicated to developing a new way of thinking and a new ethics that will help tackle the social, political, economic and ecological challenges of the 21st century. For details: http://www.club-of-budapest.org/
 This is evident in the plan and photographs, revealing learning “houses” on the perimeter that open to a central commons with a 10-foot high fireplace. The front entry is a wooden canopy in the traditional Karelian style. The layering of space between houses and public areas, variations in ceiling height, use of color and materials all suggest responsiveness to the importance of connections amongst children and their cognitive, social, emotional and physical experiences. Details can be found in Design Share's on-line library at: Heinavaara
 Heinavaara serves as a community center functionally and symbolically in several ways: 1) The gymnasium, central library/media area and cafeteria are used by the community on evenings and weekends. 2) The project is located at a high point of a new residential community development; this along with the vertical proportions of the central clerestory area make it a visible focal point for the community -- much like a church in medieval city. 3) The dramatic timber entry canopy reflects the heritage of the “Karelian” building style, unique to the region.
 Bruce discusses the various units of community and civilization in a 1998 interview. He speaks about planning two new communities in Australia: “We are building on the workstations and family/clusters, defining larger units, with terms like "enterprises," (300 to 600 people), "collaboratives," (up to 10,000 people) and the "global network," (everyone).” http://www.designshare.com/Research/Jilk98/JilkInterview.htm
 Perrenialsim (a partial definition by Robert Hutchins, Mortimer Adler): “Despite differing environments, human nature remains the same everywhere; hence, education should be the same for everyone.” Essentialism (a partial definition by William Bagley, Herman Horne): “Learning, of its very nature, involves hard work and often unwilling application.” For more details: http://people.morehead-st.edu/fs/w.willis/fourtheories.html
 Schiller, Dan.1999.Digital Capitalism: Networking the Global Market System, Cambridge: MIT Press.
 Bruce Jilk. Personal communications with Motorola personnel.
 Referring to a school and village in Belgium.
 Krier, Léon Atlantis and Johann-Karl Schmidt. 1988 (Exhibition catalogue). “Cities and landscapes are the tangible realisation of our material and spiritual worth, for good or ill. Each image we draw, each structure we build is an integral statement on how we want or don’t want the entire world to be. We either work on its construction or on its destruction, we complete or we fragment it. The first rule of ecology is that we cannot do one thing in isolation” (Krier 1992).
 Habraken, N.J.1976. Variations. Cambridge: MIT Press. Variations may not be readily available, however, Habraken’s latest book may be easily obtained. The Structure of the Ordinary: Form and Control in the Built Environment.
 Shoggen, Phillip. 1989. Behaviour Settings: A Revision and Extension of Roger G. Barker’s Ecological Psychology Stanford University Press.
 Hegeman, Werner and Elbert Peets.1988. American Vitruvius: An Architect’s Handbook of Civic Art. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton Press.
 “Dutch broad school” refers to schools in Holland that use community as their “learning environment.”
“A participant with the cybiont” refers to Joel de Rosnay’s
conception of the
“cybion,” a planetary macro-organism consisting of all people and machines,
organisms, networks and nations. For more information, see Rosnay’s latest book: The
Symbiotic Man: A New Understanding of the Organization of Life and a Vision of
the Future. 2000. New York: McGraw-Hill.