The Education Environment Program


The Community Environment 

U.S. Department of Education, April, 2000, "Schools as Centers of Community: A Citizens Guide for Planning and Design". 

Bingler, Steven, "Design Principles for Planning Schools as Centers of Community." 

Copa, George, "New Designs for Learning: K12 Schools".

Fanning/Howey Associates, "Community Use of Schools: Facility Design Perspectives", Copyright 1995
ERIC No: ED417578 Order from: 419-586-7771

Lackney, Jeffrey A., "Thirty-three Educational Design Principals for Schools & Community Learning Centers".  

National Clearinghouse for Educational Facilities (NCEF), at 
"Community Participation"

"Community Use of Schools"

Sanoff, Henry, "A Visioning Process for Designing Responsive Schools". 

Sanoff, Henry, "Community Participation Methods in Design & Planning", 
John Wiley & Sons, NY 2000, ISBN-0-471-35545-3

The Learning Environment 

Copa, George A.; Jilk, Bruce A., "The Design-Down Process: An Alternative to the Traditional Education Specification Process for Defining Learning Environments". 

Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD):
Education Leadership Magazine
a) "The Constructivist Classroom", Volume 57, No 3, Nov. 1999.
b) "How to Differentiate Construction", Volume 58, No 1, Sept. 2000.
c) "How the Brain Learns", Volume 56, No 3, Nov. 1998.

Ehrenkrantz, Ezra, "Planning for Flexibility, not Obsolescence", DesignShare, Sept. 1999.

Meek, Anne, 1995, "Designing Places for Learning", ASCD & CEFPI, 
ISBN 0-87120-248-4, ASCD Stock No 1-95082 (703) 549-9110

Senge, Peter, 2000, "Schools That Learn", "A Fifth Discipline Fieldbook for Educators, Parents, and Everyone Who Cares About Education", 
Published by Doubleday ISBN 0-385-49323-1.

Taylor, Anne, "Programming and Design of Schools Within the Context of Community", DesignShare 2001.

*NASSP "Breaking Ranks: Changing an American Institution", 
National Association of Secondary School Principals, 1996,
ISBN 0-88210-310-5 Telephone: 703-860-0200 Order: #2109601

*Carnegie Council on Adolescent Development, "Turning Points: Preparing American Youth for the 21st Century", Copyright 1989
ISBN 0-9628154-1-9 Carnegie Corporation of New York 212-371-3200.

*Carnegie Council on Adolescent Development, "Great Transitions: Preparing Adolescents for a New Century" June 1996
Carnegie Corporation of New York 212-371-3200  

*Dyck, Jim, "Changes in Work, Family and Community - Their Impact on Learning Environments".

*Jilk, Bruce A., "Schools in the New Millenium".
AS&U, January 1999.

*Myers, Nancy R. & Bingler, Steven, "7 Habits of Highly Effective Projects: Focusing on Educational Specifications",
CEFPI, 1995 Conference compendium.

*Valiant, Bob, "Teaching to the Brain: Designing Instruction Based on Brain Research". A presentation to: Learning & the Brain Conference, MIT, May 8, 1999.

*Gardner, Howard, "The Unschooled Mind: How Children Think and How Schools Should Teach". Basic Books, NY 1991.

*Armstrong, Thomas, "Multiple Intelligences in the Classroom".
ASCD, Alexandria, VA 1994.

*Lackney, Jeffrey, "12 Design Principals based on Brain-Based Learning Research". CEFPI Midwest Regional Conference June 8, 1998.

The Physical Environment 

USGBC "LEED" Green Building Rating System, Version 2.0, 
"Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design".    

Council of Educational Facility Planners, International (CEFPI), at, Issue track, "Sustainable Schools".

National Clearinghouse for Educational Facilities (NCEF), at See following topics:
"Planning School Grounds for Outdoor Learning"
"Educational Facilities Planning"
"High Performance School Buildings"
"Energy Savings"
"Pesticides & Integrated Pest Management"
"Accessibility in Schools"
"Capital Improvement Program Planning"
"Indoor Air Quality"
"Water Conservation & Safety"

Maryland State Department of Education, "Conserving & Enhancing the Natural Environment" 1999, Division of Instruction & Staff Development, 410-767-0324

Sustainable Buildings Industry Council (SBIC), "High Performance School Buildings" Resource & Strategy Guide.  

This publication was produced by the National Clearinghouse for Educational Facilities, an affiliate clearinghouse of the Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC) of the U.S. Department of Education.

NCEF publications are available online at  
For information about printed copies, contact NCEF by phone at 202-289-7899 or 888-522-0624, by fax at 202-289-1092, by e-mail at, or by mail at the National Clearinghouse for Educational Facilities, 1090 Vermont Avenue, N.W., Suite 700, Washington, D.C., 20005-4905.

Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD) 

Committee on Architecture for Education (CAE), American Institute of Architects

Council of Educational Facility Planners, International (CEFPI) 


National Clearinghouse for Educational Facilities  

Sustainable Buildings Industry Council 

US Green Building Council 


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